by Harriet Bond
(San Francisco, CA, USA)
Here are some of the ways on how you could make your home become air tight without shelling a lot of your hard-earned money.
1. Test how air tight your home is. Given a windy day, light an candle or an incense stick next to the common places where there air leaks such as the side of the windows, door frames, electrical outlets, plumbing fixtures, electrical boxes, attic hatches, and your ceiling fixtures as well.
Check if the smoke of the incense travels horizontally. Once you have located where the air leaks, start putting caulk, seals, or weatherstrips that would prevent the air from leaking.
2. For windows and doors where air leaks, use weatherstrips or caulk.
3. Do not forget to seal the walls, ceilings, floors, and plumbing in your house using caulk or other types of sealants.
4. Look if there are spots in your carpers or ceilings paints. More often than not, these dirty spots indicate that air is leaking from your home. Rather than taking the ceiling or the carpet out, you can use spray foams that has low-expansions which were made to seal the air in your home. On the other hand, if the dirty spots were at the walls, floor, or ceiling joints, you can use a caulk to seal the air in and prevent it from leaking.
5. Double-pane windows are more effective in sealing the air inside the home.
6. Make sure that you close the flue damper properly and tightly if you are not using the fireplace. Warm air would escape from your chimney unless you would close it tightly.
7. For newly built homes, try to install house wraps at the exterior walls to reduce the leaking of the air.
8. If there are gaps in your windows, doorframes, and baseboards where the warm air may go out you can try using the foam sealant.
9. Try to use the exhaust fans in your kitchen properly. Whenever you are not using the exhaust fans, it can be a great tool to prevent the warm air from coming in inside your house.
10. Check the bottom of your door. If there are sealing gaskets, find a way to cover the door bottom so that you could eliminate the chances of air leakage.
11. The flues of the fireplace are prone to breakage. When this happens, it creates a channel for the air loss, may it be warm or cold air. You can put chimney balloons that can be easily inflated whenever you are not using your fireplace flue.